DNA and RNA - discovery and basic concepts

Created April 2020, Offline version here
Video by Paul Anderson, also on his website Bozeman Science.

1
1
Which trail of Griffith’s experiment confirmed the existence of a transforming factor?
2
1
Which enzyme in the Avery, McCarty, and MacLeod study use to breakdown DNA?
3
1
Which labeled element passed from bacteriophage to bacteria in the Hershey-Chase experiment?
4
1
The Hershey- Chase experiment was the final determining factor to conclude which molecules were the genetic factor?
5
1
Who’s x-ray crystallography data, allowed Watson & Crick to determine the shape of DNA?
6
1
Who’s data helped Watson & Crick determine that A pairs with T and G pairs with C in DNA?
7
1
In the DNA double helix, where are the bases?
8
1
What proteins allows DNA to could upon itself to form a chromosome?
9
1
Where are eukaryotic chromosomes found?
10
1
Where is a prokaryotic chromosome found?
11
1
What small loops of DNA in bacteria can be passed from bacteria to bacteria?
12
1
Which nucleic acid is a single helix?
13
1
Which nucleic acid contains deoxyribose?
14
1
Which base is found in DNA but not RNA?
15
1
Which process turns DNA into more DNA?
16
1
Which molecule does the replication of DNA?
17
1
Who determined how genetic information flows from DNA to RNA to protein?
18
1
Which process turns DNA into mRNA?
19
1
Where does transcription take place?
20
1
What process turns mRNA into proteins?
21
1
What cell structure does translation?
22
1
What process can transfer plasmid DNA from one bacteria to another?