Photosynthesis and respiration

Created March 2020 by Bree Latner, Offline version here
Video by Paul Anderson, also on his website Bozeman Science.

1
1
What kind of organisms, like plants, utilize free energy by making their own food?
2
1
What molecule do all organisms make to power cellular processes?
3
1
What kind of organisms, like humans, obtain energy though eating and breaking down molecules to produce energy?
4
1
Which type of autotrophs use sun light to for energy to make macromolecules that they can use for energy production?
5
1
Which is not a reaction in cellular respiration?
6
1
Autotrophs make energy containing macromolecules for heterotrophs.
7
1
Which process of containing and using free energy do plants use to make ATP?
8
1
What molecule is the source of free energy tube worms use to produce macromolecules through chemosynthesis?
9
1
What process do yeast use to get energy out of macromolecules like sugar?
10
1
During photosynthesis where does the carbon to form glucose come from?
11
1
How do we know that energy is being stored in glucose after photosynthesis?
12
1
During the light reactions of photosynthesis what molecules store the energy from the sun?
13
1
Where do the Light Reactions take place in the chloroplast?
14
1
Which proteins of the electron transport chain of the Light Reactions, contain chlorophyll and are able to harvest light energy?
15
1
What molecule is the electron donor for electron transport in the Light Reactions?
16
1
What is the final electron acceptor of the electron transport chain in the Light Reactions?
17
1
The energy from the passing of electrons is used to pump what across the thylakoid membrane?
18
1
What form of energy powers ATP synthase?
19
1
What is the end product of the Calvin cycle?
20
1
Where does the Calvin cycle take place in the chloroplast?
21
1
What energy powers the Calvin cycle?
22
1
What made the rock layers turn red in the rock samples from about 2 billion years ago?
23
1
What caused the increase of oxygen in the Earth’s atmosphere around 2 billion years ago?
24
1
What kind of reaction is cellular respiration considering that the △G is negative?
25
1
What product of cellular respiration contains the original carbon atoms from the breakdown of glucose?
26
1
What organelle is essential to the ability to do cellular respiration?
27
1
Which molecule is required to do cellular respiration as opposed to fermentation?
28
1
Which structure in mitochondria is highly folded and increases the surface area that electron transport can occur over?
29
1
Which part of cellular respiration occurs in the cytosol, outside of the mitochondria?
30
1
Which part of the mitochondria does the electron transport chain take place in?
31
1
What is the final product of glycolysis?
32
1
Where in cellular respiration do we release the carbon dioxide from the breakdown of pyruvate?
33
1
Where in the mitochondria does the Krebs Cycle take place?
34
1
What form is the energy that is released from pyruvate, stored as during the Krebs Cycle?
35
1
What molecules are the electron donors for the electron transport chain?
36
1
Where do protons get pumped as electrons flow through the electron transport chain?
37
1
What is the final electron acceptor at the end of the electron transport chain?
38
1
What is produced when the electrons from transport combine with oxygen, and H+ ions in the matrix?
39
1
What is produced during the last step of cellular respiration using the energy of the H+ gradient?