Transcription and translation

Created March 2020 by Anonymous, Offline version here
Video by Dillon Brantley, also on his YouTube channel.

1
1
For the following DNA template sequence, what is the complementary RNA sequence? 3’-GCATCGATTCGATCCCAGTA-5’
2
1
Fill in the blank. The DNA sense strand contains the genetic information necessary for protein translation. The __________ strand is the strand that is transcribed by RNA polymerase.
3
1
What is the name of the cap that signals the ribosome to initiate translation of mRNA?
4
1
Fill in the blank. The central dogma of biology states that genetic information flows from _________.
5
1
What nucleotide does RNA polymerase use in place of thymine when creating an RNA transcript?
6
1
What is the mRNA start codon?
7
1
What is the tRNA anticodon for 3’-GUA-5’?
8
1
Translate the following RNA sequence into amino acids using your codon table: 5’-AUGCAGUUCACCGAAUAA-3’
9
1
What factor causes dissociation of the ribosomal complex?
10
1
What is the translation initiation complex composed of?
11
1
In prokaryotes, where does transcription occur?
12
1
What RNA sequences do not code for amino acids?
13
1
What macromolecular machines are responsible for synthesizing polypeptide chains?
14
1
Fill in the blank. Single amino acids are combined to create a _______________.
15
1
What are the three stages of translation, in their correct order?
16
1
What are groups of 3 nucleotides on an mRNA transcript called?
17
1
Fill in the blanks. DNA is ________ stranded and RNA is _________ stranded.
18
1
Fill in the blank. Genetic information from DNA is transferred to RNA through the process known as _________.