Molecules - their properties and function

Created April 2020, Offline version here
Video by Paul Anderson, also on his website Bozeman Science.


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1. How do the building blocks of sugars get attached together? (one word)
2. What can be added to break apart a peptide bond?
3. What sort of molecule breaks down the proteins that we get from the food we eat?
4. How many amino acids are there that make up the proteins in our bodies?
5. What type of macromolecule makes up the baglike part of a cell membrane?
6. Which molecule can be extracted from an organism and wrapped around a nichrome wire?
7. What is the 5-carbon sugar in DNA called?
8. What adjective describes a molecule with both hydrophilic and hydrophobic parts?
9. Which nitrogenous base occurs in DNA, but not in RNA?
10. What is a large biological molecule called?
11. Which nitrogenous base occurs in RNA, but not in DNA?
12. Which building block of macromolecules is made up of a sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base?
13. What type of macromolecule carries the genetic information from generation to generation? (one word)
14. What is the individual unit that makes up a macromolecule?
15. Which type of macromolecule building block has an “r group?”
16. Besides water and fat, what types of macromolecules make up most of our body parts?
17. Which atom makes up the “backbone” of a hydrocarbon tail?
18. What molecule makes up most of the starch found in spaghetti?
19. What is the 5-carbon sugar in RNA called?
20. Which type of macromolecule gives structure to plant cell walls, insect exoskeletons, and fish scales?