Transcription and translation - the basics

Created March 2020, Offline version here
Video by Dillon Brantley, also on his YouTube channel.

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1. Where are RNA strands created in eukaryotic cells?
2. What type of codon causes the termination of translation?
3. What is the name of a stretch of non-coding sequence that is spliced out of pre-mRNA?
4. What is the process where mRNA is used to create proteins?
5. What is the name of the groups of three nucleotides that are complementary to codons?
6. What does the “m” in mRNA stand for?
7. Which large molecules carry both anticodons and amino acids?
8. What does the “t” in tRNA stand for?
9. What nucleotide does RNA polymerase use instead of thymine to create an RNA strand?
10. What two-subunit macromolecular machine is responsible for synthesizing proteins?
11. What is the process by which a DNA sequence is used to generate a complementary RNA strand?
12. What kind of 3’ tail is added to a pre-mRNA transcript?
13. What is the actual RNA codon sequence that marks the beginning of translation?
14. Which molecule codes our genetic information in a double stranded form?
15. What is the name of the enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of new DNA or RNA strands?
16. What is the name of a group of three nucleotides that are complementary to an anticodon?
17. What single stranded molecule is translated into protein?